新港奉天宮

( Fengtian Temple )

Xingang Fengtian Temple (Chinese: 新港奉天宮; pinyin: Xīngǎng Fèngtiān Gōng), sometimes romanized as Fongtian Temple, is a temple located in Xingang Township, Chiayi County, Taiwan. The temple is a county-level monument and the destination of the annual Dajia Mazu Pilgrimage.

 Fengtian Temple after the 1906 Meishan earthquake.

Bengang is the historical name of a major port city along the Beigang River which flourished as both a trade center and a pirate's haven. In 1700, a temple named Tianhou Temple was founded in the city and dedicated to Mazu. However, the Bengang was very prone to flooding, and a flood in 1799[1][2][3][a] destroyed Tianhou Temple completely. Half of the temple relics were taken to the nearby Chaotian Temple in modern-day Beigang, while the other half was taken to Xingang, a new settlement 5 km (3.1 mi) east built by displaced Bengang residents. In Xingang, the relics were temporarily stored inside a small Tudigong temple.[1][6]

In 1811,[1][3][b] Xingang residents built Fengtian Temple to house the rescued relics under the leadership of Qing General Wang De-lu. After the flood, Fengtian Temple and Chaotian Temple argued about who was the true successor to the destroyed Tianhou Temple, so in 1826, Wang negotiated a compromise: the head Mazu statue belonged to Fengtian Temple, the second Mazu statue belonged to Chaotian Temple, and Wang would take the third Mazu statue to his residence in Xibei Village 5 km (3.1 mi) south of Xingang.[c] Even with the agreement, the two temples are still at odds to this day.[2][5]

In 1905, Fengtian Temple was destroyed due to earthquake damage.[d] The temple's restoration lasted from 1906 to 1917 and was led by Wu Haitong [zh], a well-known woodworker of the era.[3][11]

On August 18, 1985, Fengtian Temple was protected as a county-level monument for its "historical, cultural, and artistic value."[11]

In 1988, the Dajia Mazu Pilgrimage changed its destination from Chaotian Temple to Fengtian Temple. That year, Dajia's Jenn Lann Temple made changes to the pilgrimage that implied seniority over Chaotian Temple, which angered the latter. Fengtian Temple officials proposed that the pilgrimage should end in Xingang instead, and the pilgrimage has never returned to Beigang ever since.[12][5][13]: 1347–1350 

^ a b c Cite error: The named reference tbocc_fengtian was invoked but never defined (see the help page). ^ a b "笨港天后宮正統之爭!朝天宮與奉天宮爭議始末". 保庇NOW (in Chinese (Taiwan)). May 4, 2021. Archived from the original on June 6, 2021. Retrieved June 6, 2021. ^ a b c "新港奉天宮.天上聖母元宵遶境". 臺灣宗教百景 (in Chinese (Taiwan)). Ministry of the Interior. Archived from the original on June 6, 2021. Retrieved June 6, 2021. ^ "縣定古蹟六興宮". 嘉義縣文化觀光局 (in Chinese (Taiwan)). Archived from the original on June 6, 2021. Retrieved June 6, 2021. ^ a b c 劉明岩; 蔡維斌; 黑中亮; 卜敏正; 林宛諭 (April 14, 2018). "北港媽、大甲媽分手30年 就因「回娘家」3個字". United Daily News (in Chinese (Taiwan)). Archived from the original on April 24, 2021. Retrieved June 6, 2021. ^ 北港鎮志 (in Chinese (Taiwan)). 北港鎮公所. 1989. pp. 58–60. Archived from the original on June 6, 2021. Retrieved November 20, 2020. ^ "嘉義六興宮". 台灣宗教文化資產 (in Chinese (Taiwan)). Ministry of the Interior. Archived from the original on September 26, 2020. Retrieved June 6, 2021. ^ "Historical Seismograms". The Data-base of Historical Seismograms in Taiwan (in Chinese (Taiwan)). Central Weather Bureau. November 15, 2013. Archived from the original on January 29, 2022. Retrieved June 7, 2021. ^ "1904年斗六地震-震災圖說(II)". Central Weather Bureau (in Chinese (Taiwan)). Archived from the original on June 6, 2021. Retrieved June 6, 2021. ^ "塵封的裂痕 歷史地震第三講: 1906年梅山地震-陷落諸羅十萬家" (PDF). Academica Sinica (in Chinese (Taiwan)). Archived (PDF) from the original on June 6, 2021. Retrieved June 6, 2021. ^ a b "新港奉天宮". National Cultural Heritage Database Management System (in Chinese (Taiwan)). Bureau of Cultural Heritage. Archived from the original on May 14, 2019. Retrieved June 7, 2021. ^ Cite error: The named reference hong was invoked but never defined (see the help page). ^ 大甲鎮志(下冊) (in Chinese (Taiwan)). Dajia Township. January 2009. Archived from the original on April 23, 2021. Retrieved April 23, 2021.


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